Stacked correlation filters for biometric verification.

Jonathon M Smereka, Vishnu Naresh Boddeti, BVK Vijaya Kumar, Andres Rodriguez. 2016. ICASSP


Correlation filters (CFs) are a well-known pattern classification approach used in biometrics. A CF is a spatial-frequency array that is specifically synthesized from a set of training patterns to produce a sharp correlation output peak at the location of the best match for an authentic image comparison and no such peak for an impostor image comparison. The underlying premise when using CFs is that this correlation output peak behavior on training data ideally extends to testing data. Yet in 1:1 verification scenarios, where there is limited training data available to represent pattern distortions, the correlation output from an authentic comparison can be difficult to discern from the correlation output from an impostor. In this paper we introduce Stacked Correlation Filters (SCFs), a simple and powerful approach to address this problem by training an additional set of classifiers which learn to differentiate correlation outputs from authentic and impostor match pairs. This is done by training a series of stacked modular CFs with each layer refining the output of the previous layer. Our basic premise is that since correlation outputs have an expected shape, an additional CF can be trained to recognize such shape and refine the final output. As previous works with CFs have only focused on individual filter design or application, which assumes the CF to provide a sharp peak, this is a new CF paradigm that can benefit many existing CF designs and applications.